What is motivation?
Motivation is a process of mental development generally occurring from the limbic brain, that drives man to action for achieving goals and projects.
Importance for Business
Motivation is a process that drives man to action to overcome situations and achieve goals in life, is important because it provides the leap that people need to achieve their goals, the incentives to maintain their responsibilities and solve problems.
Motivation can be redirected to observing the goals of everyone, evaluating what is proposed to achieve those goals and creating a route as well as personal rewards for progress.
Motivation can be difficult for people who work in professional office space where they can feel the complex work goes unnoticed or that the constant pressures of the competitive environment deplete staff. Therefore, motivation is important to keep the workforce, especially because it is one of the most important factors driving staff is productive and work together in a dynamic way.
To maintain staff motivation, it is usually advised to try to address investigate what keeps productive and committed work. However, motivation is not always important to persevere in productivity, because it can also be a reason why companies seek to retain their employees.
most important components
For some authors the concept of motivation has two components motive and incentive, the plea concerns the reason that drives a person to action, while the incentive is in the environment. That is, the incentive for an employee to do their job can be like and passionate that he does, the good pay and good treatment that gives the company.
Motivation involves biological, emotional, social and cognitive forces that activate the reflected behavior. In everyday use, the term motivation is often used to describe a person who does something, that drives action. For instance, one could say that a student is so motivated to enter a psychology program, which runs every night studying.
Other authors point out that motivation has three main components rather seem moments in it, such as: activation, persistence and intensity.
Activation involves the decision to initiate a behavior, such as enrolling in a psychology class. Persistence is the continuous effort toward the goal even if there are obstacles. An example of persistence would take more psychology courses to earn a degree, even if it requires a significant investment of time, energy and resources.
The intensity can be evidenced in the concentration and vigor that is put into the search for a goal. For example, a student may perhaps pass a subject without much effort, while another student studying regularly participates in discussions and take advantage of research opportunities outside the classroom. In the first student lacks intensity, while the latter pursue their educational goals more vehemently.
How Motivation is achieved?
Motivation is a reason that supports human actions. Motivation does not only refer to factors that trigger the behavior, but also the factors that drive and maintain these actions shored toward a goal. Such motives are rarely directly observable. On the contrary, the reasons of motivation should be inferred based on observable behaviors.
How can motivate people to achieve?
Usually, we are experts in setting goals. However, it is easier to set goals that enforce them in reality. Because all this has to do with motivation, therefore, we must be honest and know that we have trouble keeping the intensity in achieving goals. Therefore, it takes mentally organized. then we tell you how you can achieve it.
Find out the reasons
To maintain a clear vision is needed to write some reasons why you want to carry out a goal. Although it may seem obvious, name the specific things that you want to make it easier to track progress and stay motivated / a, rather than seeking an abstract goal that does not connect with the reality of the moment.
It is very important to strengthen the activity to something that will actually encourage long-term behavior. It is crucial that people realize if the reasons why they have been trying to do something in the past, actually lead to the failure or success.
Keep a list of what makes you smile and causes satisfaction
One of the best ways to stay motivated / a is through mental facility, something you remember or help be motivated / a. Say you do not know exactly what you want. If you only know what you want for example, start living better, then make a list of the moments that make you smile, and give satisfaction.
Writing while discovering moments of the day really give joy, what excited him and led him to where he is at this time. If you are not completely sure what the end, try to track down what makes you happy right now.
Excuses look in the eyes
Excuses are the best friend and the greatest enemy of man not to be motivated and keep you from achieving your goals. Stop wishing start doing and take command of life is what needs to be done.
The trick is to look at and deal directly excuses. For example, you are really too tired to exercise, to be very honest with yourself and move on.
If the person sees you are using an excuse, corrected. Next time will probably happen again something, but after a few times, is left to do.
Develop the practice of gratitude
At the time when the eyes are open, we are aware of all we have to do in the day. To stay motivated, you must mark some things that you are thankful while you are still getting up for the day.
When we wake up we are often overwhelmed with what we have to do and what we need to fix, and our focus becomes that. Therefore, this approach needs to be changed immediately, just recognizing what is good, it puts it in a better frame of mind to face the day.
Prevent fear paralyze
Just throw and not worry about failing and lose face completely. Fear paralyzes because people feel they have to be good at everything before you start which is counterintuitive, but live in a world of instant gratification. Therefore, if one points to the last step, it still is a step above not try at all and a step closer to the ultimate goal.
Take a few seconds
It only takes a few seconds of courage to do something. there is only to be bold and do it, and whatever happens, happens. The result may not be perfect, but at the least it took that step and this is a step closer to the goal.
Everything is steps even need to close your eyes and breathe deeply to give them as that would give the child before jumping into a pool. Likewise, courage is needed to send an email to a new business contact for example, after pressing the send is likely to want to do it again and again.
Types of motivation to work
This motivation occurs internally in the individual because it is from himself as activities in which most of the time do not run on an external reward thinking develop.
Generally, people who have intrinsic motivation devote time and effort to develop projects that many others may not see you sense. For example, often the artists, painters, sculptors, writers, his works do not think that they will receive an external compensation for them, but by the passion and commitment that they have for the arts.
Extrinsic motivation occurs as an incentive from the environment to the individual. It can be displayed in any prize, salary compensation or other non-work reward. It can also be a recognition for achievement, the right to enter a closed social group or fraternity in the case of some foreign universities.
This type of motivation may be present in community activities undertaken to help disaster victims, religious and devotees of the church who often organize many activities such solidarity and transcendent, which may be to raise funds for a worthy cause or collecting products to help the neediest, they are an example of what can mean this motivation.
Occupationally cases to motivate
Considering a case of short intrinsic motivation, we can mention a child playing video game generations know that intrinsic motivation can bring hours of developing a video game, from its theme to its achievements, it does not bring any benefit rather than within the same video game and the satisfaction of the child to achieve the same levels.
A case of extrinsic motivation can be more present in the labor case, however, all activities that have an external motivator may be susceptible to appear as a case of extrinsic motivation, it is the case of professional sportsman who, besides receiving a pay for performance in sport running receives recognition and awards for excellence.
On the transcendental motivation it may pose a simple case of a good Samaritan, someone who finds a person in trouble and want help without any recognition or pay. Now this kind of motivation will always present an intrinsic context, which will be the satisfaction of helping others but the transcendental nature of these cases lies in fighting for a healthier environment where consciousness exists,
Some people culturally can take this concept so more serious than others, all depend on the culture and values that was also raised in the psychosocial example the individual has taken product of his life in specific societies, it never is the same culture a person raised in good values and customs, the one whose life has been senseless violence and insecurity
Techniques to motivate
There are several simple techniques to find motivation in the intrinsic context simply the person should seek the activity that you like and run, if the subject is an activity that motivates you can search for agents distractors after this work, for example, when you finish work it like not to go running, play or meet friends in some entertainment.
These approaches can serve as motivators agents to work faster and get motivated, if you are in an activity that has a specific time and a specific demand tasks.
In turn like many athletes, talking to himself can serve as a motivational technique effective, taking a moment to breathe and prepare mentally it can even serve as technical stronger and more effective in order to find strength in the most critical and tedious moments where you need motivation to perform an activity. In this space you can find more information about motivational techniques.
Labor motivation strategies
A motivation strategy may be to establish relations of friendship with people who are related and which can bring good communication, because sometimes just listen and give words of encouragement can help a good way to most unmotivated person.
Motivational strategies can be more present in the workplace hand and chief executive, who is in charge and responsible for ensuring that employees execute work activity completely and quality. To achieve this goal can be a challenge if the nature of the work is routine and employees who perform not see it enthusiastically, so it is up to the manager to find ways to motivate staff.
One strategy may be the promise of productivity bonuses, meetings where only labor activity spread to build the motivation of the staff, which consists of motivational workshops, also the manager can choose days where workers are presented with the clothes they want and even disguised, this can create a pleasant and dynamic atmosphere in the building work creatively and holistically motivation staff may need to move forward.
Theories of Motivation arise after behaviorism when it begins to study the human being in his not only behavior from the process stimulus-response, but is considered a thinking being who responds with his brain potential events both internal and environment .
In the second decade of the twentieth century, changes in behaviorism occurred with the emergence of the theory of neobehaviorism, in which the concept of momentum arises, with which you look at the human being as a taxable person in the which is not considered conscious but the unconscious, holding that man has no ability to direct their behavior. Read more about motivation in this space.
Subsequent to the Theory of Needs Abraham Maslow in 1940, which proposes that human beings have different needs ranging from the most basic such as physiological, until security, belonging, esteem and self-realization.
Later, David McClelland takes as its reference point the theory of Maslow and his book on “Society of achievements”, identified three motivators who believed that all human beings have such as need for achievement, need for affiliation and the power. Therefore, he argues that people will have different characteristics depending on their dominant motivator. Learn more about the theory of McClelland in this space.
This theory has its foundation in the theory that behavior is a conscious choice from among a pool of possible alternative behaviors. Therefore, according to the theory of expectations, the behavior that is chosen is always the one that maximizes the pleasure of the individual, minimizing pain as possible.
Maslow created the pyramid of needs in 1940, establishing therein a series of needs that according to this scientist must meet people. At the base of the pyramid he placed primary and physiological needs of human beings, such as food, clothing, housing, among others. In the middle of it he placed security needs, love and belonging, as well as the need for self-esteem. While at the top of the pyramid established the need for self-realization.
in fact, when it comes to motivating employees, it is that almost always are motivated. As a manager, the manager is responsible for figuring out the best way to use this motivation to achieve work objectives. Fortunately, controls the key environmental factors that are necessary to achieve this.
The most significant factor under control is the relationship with each employee. The second most important factor is a working environment and an organizational culture that fosters motivation and commitment of employees.
Ideally, the work culture is an environment that is trusted employees are treated with respect and are not microgestiona. Employees are entrusted with the values, vision, mission and strategic framework within which they are expected to do their work.
Personal motivation is a quality that every person who wants to progress and undertake projects must have. Personal motivation apparently is not easy as could be. This is an aspect that is sensitive to all people, because it is the component that determines the momentum. Personal motivation is what determines what a person can do.
In the general improvement of life and achieving goals, motivation is the driving force for action. It is also related to emotional well-being of the person who allows people achieve their goals and develop. Self-motivation or personal motivation is a very important aspect in the course of life of people. This is because it keeps the personal drive and inspires the need for achievement. It can learn more about this plan below.
Examples of motivation
There are three basic types of motivation, usually centered at the workplace, these are the intrinsic, extrinsic and transcendental motivation.
Intrinsic motivation comes primarily from an activity that provides personal satisfaction, you can be present at work and in other types of activities, reading novels, physical training for competitions, and other activities that can provide a sense of self-improvement in person.
This motivation is also found in working patterns which are present staff who are passionate about their work, as are teachers in their vocation for teaching, carpenters in his personal satisfaction working with your hands and all those who are passionate about his work.
In the case of extrinsic motivation, a generally external factor arises in work activity always based on the perceived salary and opportunities presented in the workplace, in turn is linked to the strategies you can use the boss or employer to motivate their staff.
While the transcendental motivation unlike the previous two, is based on personal satisfaction you feel to do an activity benefits from third parties. Carrying out projects that go beyond just personally, to get great achievements that benefit others.
NGOs are very famous for creating such motivation selfless actions in benefit of third parties, whether victims of natural disasters or for the benefit of the environment, everything depends on the objectives and nature of NGOs to which it belongs.